Hokkaido prefecture has no rainy season, unlike elsewhere in Japan. The avarage temperature in Sapporo during the period of the Symposium ranges between 17-25 (±5) degrees Celsius.
In Japan, 2-flat-pin plugs (USA Type) are used instead of columnar-shaped plugs or 3-pin plugs. The voltage used is 100 volts AC throughout Japan. This is different from most of the world. There are two kinds of frequencies in use; 50 Hz in east area of Japan (including Sapporo) and 60 Hz in west area of Japan.
Sapporo currently observes Japan Standard Time (JST) all year. Japan Standard Time is 9 hours ahead of Greenwich Mean Time (GMT). Daylight Saving Time (DST) is not in use in Japan.
The local currency is Japanese Yen (JPY). Major currencies, such as the US dollar and EURO, can be exchanged at international airports, major banks and major hotels. Banks are open from 9:00 to 15:00 on Monday to Friday. International credit cards such as American Express, Diners Club, MasterCard, VISA, and JCB are also acceptable at major establishments. Credit card transactions, however, are not always convenient outside cities.
Tipping is not necessary unless you request some extra special service. Individual tipping is not common in Japan, since a 10 to 15 % service charge is added to the bill at major hotels and higher-class restaurants.
The organizers do not accept responsibility for individual medical, travel or personal insurance. Participants are advised to take out their own personal insurance policy.
All foreign visitors entering Japan must possess a passport, which will remain valid during the period of stay. Participants from countries requiring a visa to enter Japan should obtain one from the nearest Japanese embassy or consulate in good time.
For more information please visit the site of Japan National Tourism Organization or other sites.